Here are some key facts you need to know about pneumococcal pneumonia.
COPD= Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
*Risk is dependent on individual risk profile. (healthy; adults included those without evidence of any high-risk or at-risk condition, at risk; adults included those who were immunocompetent with 1 or more chronic medical conditions or high risk ; adults included those who were immunocompromised or had a cochlear implant)1
^Streptococcus pneumoniae is one of the most common pathogens found in community acquired pneumonia (CAP)8
1. P Pelton.SI, et al. Decline in Pneumococcal Disease Attenuated in Older Adults and Those With Comorbidities Following Universal Childhood PCV13 Immunization. CID 2019;68(11):1831–8
2. Shea KM, et al. Rates of Pneumococcal Disease in Adults With Chronic Medical Conditions. Open Forum Infect Dis. 2014 May 27;1(1):ofu024
3. National heart and lung and blood institute -Pneumonia 2016 https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/pneumonia (accessed 6th Aug 2020)
4. CDC Pink Book 13th edition 2015 Principal of Vaccination updated June2020, https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/pinkbook/prinvac.html (accessed 6th Aug 2020)
5. Wyrwich .WK, et al. Observational longitudinal study of symptom burden and time for recovery from community-acquired pneumonia reported by older adults surveyed nationwide using the CAP Burden of Illness Questionnaire. Patient Related Outcome Measures 2015:6 215–223
6. American Lung association. https://www.lung.org/blog/you-can-still-get-pneumonia-in-summer#:~:text=In%20fact%2C%20pneumococcal%20pneumonia%20can,pneumonia%20is%20called%20pneumococcal%20pneumonia (Accessed 6th Aug 2020)
7. CDC Pink Book 13th edition 2015 Principal of Vaccination updated June2020, https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/pinkbook/prinvac.html (accessed 6th Aug 2020)
8. Jain.S, et al. Community-Acquired Pneumonia Requiring Hospitalization among U.S. Adults N Engl J Med 2015;373:415-27.